Crafting is the method by which most blocks, tools, and other resources are made in Minecraft. It is a function only available in Alpha mode, as well as the removed Indev and Infdev modes. In order to craft something, the player must move items from their inventory into the crafting grid, then arrange them into the pattern representing the item(s) they wish to create. As long as the proper pattern of resources is placed, it will not matter where within the grid the ingredients are placed. Crafting recipes can also be flipped horizontally from their depictions in the graphs below: for instance, you can make a bow with the strings on the right instead of the left.

The player has access to a 2×2 crafting grid in their Inventory screen which can be used at any time. Crafting recipes that are at most 2×2 materials wide and tall can be crafted there, like wood planks, sticks and workbenches. To craft with a 3×3 grid, create a Workbench, place it on the ground, and right-click on it. This brings up a pop-up screen which allows the player to assemble any crafting recipe in the game, as the maximum size for a recipe is 3×3.


2×2 crafting grid


3×3 crafting grid

Item Durability

Several Tools, Swords and Armor can be crafted from different materials. Better materials give a higher number of uses prior to the item breaking, as well as increased speed or power. Once an item has been used the number of uses below, the damage meter on the item will reach maximum resulting in the item breaking and disappearing from the inventory.

The formula for the number of uses for Tools and Swords is 2(n+5)+1, where n is the durability of the material being used (for the corresponding values, see the listing below). Regardless of what item is being used, a use counts as either the complete de-construction of a block or a single strike at an enemy, but incomplete attempts (stopping in the middle) to de-construct a block do not qualify as a use. If a tool is used inappropriately, such as using a pickaxe to attack mobs, each use will have the equivalent of 2 proper uses

  • Each de-construction of a block with an appropriate tool counts as 1 use. (This determines how many Wood-related blocks an Axe can chop, how many Stone-related blocks a Pick can mine, etc.)
  • Each de-construction of a block with an inappropriate tool counts as 2 uses. (Breaking a Stone-related block with a shovel, a Dirt block with an axe, etc.)
  • Each strike of a Sword to hit a Mob
  • counts as 1 use. Hitting a Mob with a Tool will count as an inappropriate use.
  • Each time a piece of armor protects against minimal damage counts as 1 use. Multiple pieces worn do not give more uses, but wearing multiple pieces increases the amount of damage absorbed.
  • When the bar on a tool's icon is completely empty, it may be used exactly once more before breaking.

Armor Durability:

The damage absorbed by a piece of armor is not relative to its material but to its remaining durability (the percentage of uses left). A full set of leather armor has the same damage protection as a full set of diamond armor, as long as both are fully intact. As the damage on the armor increases, the protective capability decreases.

  • Example: after 25 hits (with minimal damage), a leather chestplate has 49% of its uses left (24 of 49), thus 49% of a chestplate's original damage protection. A diamond chestplate would have 93.5% of it's uses left (360 of 385), thus 93.5% of a chestplate's original protection.
  • Therefore, armor from a higher tier material retains it's damage absorption for much longer and is able to protect from more damage if the armor is used frequently, but the maximum damage protection per hit is the same.

Tools and Swords list:

  • Wood: 33 uses
  • Stone: 65 uses
  • Iron: 129 uses
  • Diamond: 1025 uses

Armor List

Leather Chainmail Gold Iron Diamond
Helmet 34 67 67 133 265
Chestplate 49 97 97 193 385
Leggings 46 91 91 181 361
Boots 40 79 79 157 313

Complete Recipe List

Currently, there are 99 recipes; this includes each recipe in the animations below and the two methods of making Mushroom Soup. Chainmail armor is also included in this count.

Basic Recipes

Name Ingredients Input » Output Description
Wood Log
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Used as a building material and can be crafted into many things.
Sticks Wood
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Used to craft torches, arrows, signs, ladders, fences and as handles for tools.
Torches Stick + Coal
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Used to create light. Torches also melt snow and ice.
Workbench Wood
Allows access of the 3×3 crafting grid.
Furnace Cobblestone
Allows the player to smelt.
Chest Wood
Stores stacks of blocks and items inside.

Block Recipes

Name Ingredients Input » Output Description
Ore Blocks Gold Ingots or
Iron Ingots or
Diamond Gems
Allows ingots or gems to be crafted into placeable blocks (useful for compact storage).
Lightstone Lightstone Dust
Has same light properties as natural blocks. Breaking it only gives a single unit of powder back. Note: This block acts as a torch, and will melt snow/ice within 3 blocks of it.
Cloth Block String
Used as a building material. Cloth can also be obtained from Sheep.
TNT Block Gunpowder + Sand
Used to cause explosions.
Steps Cobblestone
Used for making lengthy stairs. Two Steps placed on top of each other will create a full-sized block.
Stairs Wood or Cobblestone
Used for compact stairs.
Snow Block Snowballs
Used to store snowballs, or as a building material.
Clay Block Clay
Used to store clay, or as a building material
Brick Clay Bricks
Used as a building material.
Bookshelf Wood + Books
Used as decoration.
Jukebox Wood + Diamond Gem
Plays records.
Jack-O-Lantern Pumpkin + Torch
Functions like a torch, except brighter.

Tool Recipes

  • Note that gold weapons and tools are only as durable and powerful as wood ones
Name Ingredients Input » Output Description
Axes Sticks + Wood or
Cobblestone or
Iron Ingots or
Gold Ingots or
Diamond Gems
Used to chop wood-related blocks faster than by hand.
Pickaxes Sticks + Wood or
Cobblestone or
Iron Ingots or
Gold Ingots or
Diamond Gems
Required to mine stone-related blocks and ore.
Shovels Sticks + Wood or
Cobblestone or
Iron Ingots or
Gold Ingots or
Diamond Gems
Used to dig Dirt, Grass, Sand, Gravel and Snow faster than by hand. Shovels are required to dig snowballs.
Hoes Sticks + Wood or
Cobblestone or
Iron Ingots or
Gold Ingots or
Diamond Gems
Used to till Dirt and Grass blocks to find seeds and/or prepare for Crops.
Flint and Steel Iron Ingot + Flint
Used to create Fire.
Bucket Iron Ingots
Used to hold and transport water, lava and milk.
Compass Iron Ingots + Redstone Dust
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Constantly points to the player's spawn point.
Watch Gold Ingots + Redstone Dust Tells current time of day.
Fishing Rod Sticks + String
Used to catch fish.

Weapon Recipes

Name Ingredients Input » Output Description
Swords Stick +
Wood or
Cobblestone or
Iron Ingots or
Gold Ingots or
Diamond Gems
Deals Mobs more damage than by hand.
Bow Sticks + String
Allows for ranged attacks by using arrows.
Arrows Flint + Stick + Feather
Used as ammunition for bows.

Armor Recipes

Name Ingredients Input » Output Description
Helmets Leather or
Gold Ingots or
Iron Ingots or
Diamond Gems or
Head armor, gives 1.5 armor points.
Chestplates Leather or
Gold Ingots or
Iron Ingots or
Diamond Gems or
Chest armor, gives 4 armor points.
Leggings Leather or
Gold Ingots or
Iron Ingots or
Diamond Gems or
Leg armor, gives 3 armor points.
Boots Leather or
Gold Ingots or
Iron Ingots or
Diamond Gems or
Foot armor, gives 1.5 armor points.
  • Note that Chainmail armor is also craftable, but only by using the /give command or an inventory editor to get Fire blocks and crafting armor with them.

Transportation Recipes

Name Ingredients Input » Output Description
Minecart Iron Ingots
Used to transport the player or a Mob along Minecart tracks.
Powered Minecart Furnace + Minecart
Used to push other Minecarts along Minecart tracks using fuel.
Storage Minecart Chest + Minecart
Used to transport goods along Minecart tracks.
Minecart Tracks Sticks + Iron Ingots
Used to direct Minecarts.
Boat Wood
Used to travel in water more quickly than swimming.

Mechanism Recipes

Name Ingredients Input » Output Description
Doors Wood or Iron Ingots
Wooden doors are activated by clicking or with electricity. Iron doors are similar but can only be opened by electricity.
Pressure Plates Stone or Wood
Used to send an electrical charge when stepped on by a player or a walk on them. Wooden Pressure Plates can also be activated by dropping something on them.
Stone Button Stone
Used to send an electrical charge by being pressed. Stays activated for approximately 1 second before shutting off again.
Redstone Torch Redstone Dust + Stick
Constantly sends an electrical charge. Can also be used for low-level lighting.
Lever Cobblestone + Stick
Used to send an electrical charge by being turned on or off. Stays in on or off state until clicked.

Food Recipes

Name Ingredients Input » Output Description
Bowls Wood
Used to hold Mushroom Stew. The player keeps the bowl when they eat the stew.
Mushroom Stew Red Mushroom +
Brown Mushroom +
Heals 5 hearts. The ordering of the red and brown mushrooms does not matter.
Bread Wheat
Heals 2.5 hearts.
Golden Apple Gold Blocks + Apple
Heals all 10 hearts.

Miscellaneous Recipes

Name Ingredients Input » Output Description
Ore Iron or Gold or Diamond
Used to reclaim Ingots/Gems from blocks.
Painting Sticks + Cloth
Used as decoration.
Sign Wood + Stick
Shows text entered by the player.
Ladder Sticks
Used to climb vertically.
Paper Reeds
Used to create books.
Book Paper
Used to create a bookshelf.
Fences Sticks
Used as a barrier that cannot be jumped over. It counts as 1½ block high for mobs/players, but only 1 for other blocks.

All information and most pictures are of page on this site some pictures are by me: